Hydropower is a renewable energy resource that utilizes Earth’s water cycle to generate electricity. The movement of water flow downstream in lakes and rivers creates kinetic energy that id converted into electricity. The energy generated by running water has been utilized for many decades. The well-established hydroelectric power plant consists of a high dam built across a large river to create a reservoir and a station where the process of energy conversion to electricity occurs. The initial step in the generation of energy in a hydropower plant is the collection of run-off of seasonal rain water, snow in lakes, streams and rivers. All this water is collect in dams downstream. Then the water is made to falls through a dam into the hydropower plant and rotates a large wheel called a turbine. The turbine then converts the energy of falling water into mechanical energy to drive the generator. The electricity thus obtained is transferred to the communities through transmission lines. The water is then released back into the lakes, streams or rivers
World’s largest source of renewable energy is hydropower and accounts for over fifty percent of the renewable energy power production. Hydropower process involves various methods used to convert moving water into clean and renewable electricity. India is the one of the largest producers of hydroelectricity in the world. Many small and large hydroelectricity power units were established nationwide to meet the increasing energy demands of the growing population. The first hydroelectric power plants were established in the years 1898 and 1902 at Darjeeling and Shivanasamudram.
India’s leading hydroelectric power production companies in public sector are The National Hydroelectricty Power Corporation (NHPC), Northeast Electric Power Company (NEEPCO), Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVNL), THDC and NTPC-Hydro. The government owned enterprise in north India is the Bhakra Beas Management Board (BBMB) where hydroelectricity is produced at 27 paise. The hydropower stations are located in the western ghats of Kerala and Karnataka need to be extended while including pumped storage units to solve water deficit issues in Kaveri and Krishna rivers. The leading companies in hydropower generation in India are Maharashtra State Power Generation Co. Ltd., SJVN Limited, JSW Energy Limited, Karnataka Power Corporation Limited, NHDC Limited, THDC India Limited, NTPC Limited, NHPC Limited, Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Limited and Orissa Hydro Power Corporation Ltd.
According to the study “Hydropower (Large, Small and Pumped Storage) in India, Market Outlook to 2030, Update 2017-Capacity, Generation, Regulations and Company Profiles”, the disadvantages in the traditional hydropower plants construction are that the river water floods the land, changes the natural landscape, drives away population from the flood affected lands, and hinders free movement fish. Construction of large-scale hydro power plants can be polluting and damaging the ecosystem. The hydro projects can be unreliable during prolonged droughts, dry seasons or when water level is low.
Multitek Consortium is a leading hydro energy based company in India located in Delhi. This company offer products for hydro energy system components (small), water pumps, turbine machines, gates and hoists, penstock etc. SBA Hydro Systems Pvt. Ltd is another leading manufacturer, wholesale supplier, exporter of hydro energy products. The company’s range of products include hydro energy system components (small), hydro energy system components (large), hydro energy systems (large), hydro energy systems (small), hydroelectric turbines (small), hydroelectric turbines (large).
India produces abundant hydroelectric power at various regions at well-installed plants. India has transformed itself from an electricity deficit nation to an electricity surplus nation. The country has established surplus storage capacity of nearly 48000 MV while installing large, small, mini, micro and pico hydroelectric plants. The excess power generated is transferred or collected in the power storage units. These pumped storage power units are used at pumping stations to supply river water for upland irrigation, industrial needs, and drinking water. Abundant water is needed for agriculture due to a high evaporation rates. With the increases water security the food security has also tightened in the country along with the supply of power required for power storage schemes. It was observed that there will be a gigantic growth in the hydropower sector in India over the coming years due to its abundant water resources, scope for development and government support for hydropower projects.
Key Factors Considered in the Report
India Hydropower Generation Capacity
India Hydropower Market Research Report
India Hydropower Supply And Demand
Hydro Energy System Components Market in India
Hydroelectric Turbines Market in India
Hydropower Plants in India
Hydropower Plants Regulations in India
The National Hydroelectricity Power Corporation Market Share
Northeast Electric Power Company Market Share
India Renewable Energy Consumption
India Renewable Energy Production
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications