Cysteine is a sulfur containing amino acid that derives its uniqueness from chemically reactive hydroxyl group. It provides stability to proteins through building disulfide bridges. It is primarily obtained from feathers. Feathers are heated with hydrochloric acid to obtain cysteine. It is also extracted from bristles, human hair and hooves of swine. It has the similar structure as that of serine, but with one of its oxygen-atom is substituted by sulfur. It is mainly used in the production of cysteine derivatives S-(carboxymethyl)-L-cysteine and N-acetyl-L-cysteine in the pharmaceutical industry. It is also employed as processing supplementary for refolding genetically engineered protein active molecules, such as it is used in the production of human insulin. Additionally, it is used as anti-aging agent in the cosmetic industry. Cysteine has various applications for instance it is used in the production of flavors, used for flouting up the disulfide bonds in the hair’s keratin, also in the field of personal care.
According to study, “Global Cysteine Market Status (2015-2019) and Forecast (2020-2024) by Region, Product Type & End-Use” the key companies operating in the global cysteine market are Ajinomoto North America Inc., Donboo Amino Acid Co. Ltd, CJ Haide, Merck KGaA, Nippon Rika Industries Corporation, Ningbo Zhenhai Haide Biochem Co. Ltd, Shine Star (Hubei) Biological Engineering Co. Ltd., Wuhan Grand Hoyo Co. Ltd, Wacker Chemie AG, Wuxi Bikang Bioengineering Co. Ltd.
Based on production process, cysteine market is segmented into synthetic process and natural process. Based on grade type, market is segmented into tech grade, food grade and pharma grade. Based on application, market is segmented into anti-aging agent, flavor enhancer, conditioner, reducing agent and others. In addition, based on end-use industries, market is segmented into cosmetic industry, food & dietary supplement industry, and pharmaceutical industry. In the food & dietary supplement industry segment, it is used as an intermediate for process flavorings. It is mainly used in meat flavorings and roast aromas.
The cysteine market is driven by rise in demand from the bakery industries, followed by increase in spending power, growth in population, rise in the consumption of meat, growth in industrialization, increase in awareness about health and rise in demand from pharmaceutical industries. However, harmful effects of cysteine on human body and rise in concerns related to animal-sourced cysteine may impact the market. Moreover, high growth potential in emerging economies is a key opportunity for market.
Based on geography, the Asian-Pacific region holds major share in cysteine market owing to growth in economy and rise in consumption of products in the region. Whereas, the North-American and European regions are predictable to witness higher growth rate due to rise in demand for dough conditioning application along with other applications over the forecast period. In upcoming years, it is estimated that future of the market will be bright as a result of growth in improvement in health standards of the customers and rise in expansions by the key players during the forecast period.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications