Research Methodology-Market Definitions:-
Global Dyes Market – It has been defined as the revenues generated by companies manufacturing dyes such as reactive dyes, disperse dyes, vat dyes, direct dyes and others globally. It includes revenues generated by organised and unorganised market players. Additionally, the market includes product sales through various distribution channels including B2B and distributor sales. It includes regions such as Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific and ROW. Prices have been calculated at manufacturer level.
China/ India/ US/ Brazil/ UK/ Germany Dye Market- It has been defined as the revenues generated by companies manufacturing dye intermediaries and dyes such as reactive dyes, disperse dyes, vat dyes, direct dyes and others in China/ India/ US/ Brazil/ UK/ Germany. Domestic Sales and Export sales have been considered while calculating the revenues of the market. It also includes revenues generated by organised and unorganised market players. Additionally, the market includes product sales through various distribution channels including B2B and distributor sales.
Organized Sector/Market – The organised sector refers to those enterprises who are either listed in stock exchange or have global presence (subsidiaries outside their home country or are majorly export based). These enterprises are more export oriented and have higher production capacity, better technology and a wide product portfolio.
Unorganized Sector/Market –The unorganised sector refers to those enterprises who are focusing their sales operations inside domestic boundaries and cater to end user segments located in their home country.
Raw Material: Petrochemical derivatives such as benzene and naphthalene are key raw materials for this industry. In addition, many reagents and inorganic chemicals are also used, including Sulphuric Acid, Oleum, Nitric Acid, Chlorine, Bromine, Caustic Soda, Caustic Potash, etc. Heavy metals (Copper, Chromium, Mercury, Nickel and Zinc) are used as catalysts in the synthesis of dyes and dye intermediates.
Europe Region: Countries include Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK, Faroe Islands, FYROM, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine.
Americas: Countries include USA Canada, and Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Honduras, Dominican Republic, Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Cuba, Dominica, Guadulope, Jamaica, Matinica, Granada, St Kitts and Nevis.
Asia Pacific Region: Countries include China, India Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Pakistan, Thailand, Philippines, Bangladesh, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands.
Middle East and Africa: These include South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Ethiopia, Tunisia, Jordan, Algeria, Cape Verde, Iran, Israel, Kenya, Libya and Nigeria.
Consolidated Research Approach:-
Interpretation is extended beyond data of the study to include the results of other theories, research and hypothesis. Facts and opinions received are clearly distinguished. Extraneous information and Consultation with Industry Experts is done on a regular basis for sound interpretation. Future Forecast on the basis of Qualitative Factors such as future plans laid down by government, company future strategy, and dyes manufacturers production capacity expansion. Multi Factor Regression Model Analysis to assess variations in independent variables to determine the future projections. Poll Opinions from Key Opinion Leaders.
Data triangulation via modeling from supply side. The same is checked for major countries such as India, China, The US, Germany and others. Data has been collected and verified through cross-sanity checking the opinion and facts received from interview with the hypotheses framed from public databases. The team has verified the data by conducting both bottom-to-top (production capacity, utilization, production volume analysis) and top-to-bottom analysis.
Decoding Data Definition: Clearly defined market size in terms of revenue streams considered by product categories/ service mix, regions included, price at manufacturers/ intermediate/ retail level, customer spending or players industry revenue.
Client Specific LOS: Clearly stipulated and streamlined learning objective from each section to the client to understand all the entities covered in the ecosystem.
Precisely framed hypothesis on the market size, segments, competition, future data point through data collation from magazines, journals, broker reports, investor presentations and annual reports of major companies, reports of associations, CEFIC Association Annual Report, Ecological and Toxicological Association of Dyes Manufacturers, Ministry of Commerce, Department of Statistics and others.
Hypothesis testing through trade desk interviews via Computer assisted telephonic interviews with several management executives, and other higher level authorities (including business development manager, sales and marketing head, key account managers) from Lanxess, Atul Ltd., BASF, Jay Chemicals, Clariant and other companies.
Market Sizing and Limitations:-
Market Sizing: Initially, we have compiled a list of prominent companies in dye industry and have approached the management of these companies including business development manager, sales and marketing head, procurement managers and others to understand the revenues, capacity, their growth, concentration by geography and industry verticals.
Our team then collated the data shared by these companies on primary research and those available on secondary sources such as annual reports and press releases. The team then extrapolated the available information to estimate the missing data points. The information was re-checked with the data available in secondary sources and proprietary databases.
We have conducted multiple CATIs with industry experts and management of leading dye manufacturers to understand their revenues, product portfolio, market segmentation and other market parameters. This helped us in estimating revenue generated in dyes industry in India.
Limitations: Since the competition between the manufacturers operating in this space is high, there might be a case that the management of the dye manufacturers might be bullish with the numbers and may over-estimate their numbers and under-estimate their competitor data points. To avoid this limitation, our team has validated the numbers provided by one manufacturer from another and this exercise has been done on vice versa as well. We have accordingly applied a discounting factor to normalize the over-estimated data point received from the respondents.
As there are large number of manufacturers in the unorganised market, we were not able to collate data extensively on the sector and several assumptions for this market segment is based on the inputs of the interviews conducted with leading organized players working in the industry.
We have considered strata sample to understand the pricing structure for different kinds of dye products across the globe. However, it can happen that some of the manufacturers might be charging higher or lower than the average price considered by us due to difference in technology, production cost, quality or end user served.
Future Growth model has been built on the basis of future developments and opinions received from key industry veterans of the market followed by SPSS and subjective analysis with margin of error of not more than 5-10%.
Dye Product Understanding:-
Azo Dyes: These are organic compounds bearing the functional group R−N=N−R′, in which R and R′ are usually aryl. They are a commercially important family of azo compounds, i.e. compounds containing the linkage C-N=N-C. Azo dyes are widely used to treat textiles, leather articles and some foods. They are insoluble and typically toxic. These dyes are used in printing inks.
Acid Direct Dyes: Dyeing with acid direct dyes is normally carried out in a neutral or slightly alkaline dye bath, at or near boiling point, with the addition of either sodium chloride (NaCl) or sodium sulphate (Na2SO4) or sodium carbonate (Na2CO3). Direct dyes are used on cotton, paper, leather, wool, silk and nylon.
Disperse Dyes: These are water-soluble dyes. The dye bath may require high temperature. These are typically used to dye synthetic fibres like polyester.
Ingrain Dyes: Ingrain dyes are those which are synthesized directly on the fabric. Ingrain dyeing is particularly suitable for cotton fabric.
Solvent Dyes: These are dyes soluble in organic solvents. Solvent dyes are used to colour organic solvents, hydrocarbon fuels, waxes, lubricants, plastics and other hydrocarbon-based nonpolar materials.
Reactive Dyes: These dyes utilize a chromophore capable of reacting directly with the substrate. They are among the most permanent of dyes. Reactive dyes are used in dyeing cotton and other cellulose fibers.
Sulphur Dyes: These are two-part dyes used on cottons to impart dark colors. The initial bath imparts a yellow color. This is then treated with a sulphur compound to produce a dark black color.
Vat Dyes: These are insoluble in water but soluble in alkaline liquor. These dyes are used for dyeing cotton, cellulosic and blended fibre.
Cold Dyes: These types of dyes contain reactive group of high reactivity. So dyeing can be done in lower temperature i.e. 320°C – 600°C. These are highly colored organic substances, primarily used for tinting textiles that attach themselves to their substrates by a chemical reaction that forms a covalent bond between the molecule of dye and that of the fibre. The dyestuff thus becomes a part of the fibre and is much less likely to be removed by washing than are dyestuffs that adhere by adsorption.
Medium Brand Dyes: This type of dyes contains reactive groups of moderate reactivity. So dyeing is done in higher temperature than that of cold brand dyes i.e. in between 600°C – 710°C temperatures.
Hot Brand Dyes: This type of dye contains reactive groups of least reactivity. So high temperature (720°C – 930°C) is required for dyeing.
Reactive P Dyes: Reactive Dyes that is basically used in various printing procedures. Printing colors like black, blue, red, orange and yellow, as per the requirements of the clients. “”P”” series dyes are suitable for printing fabrics.
Anthraquinone Dyes: It is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon derived from Anthracene or Phthalic Anhydride. Anthraquinone dyes are used in the textile and pulp industries. Anthraquinone dyes are lightfast and wash fast.
Variables (Dependent and Independent):-
Forecast Modelling: The report applies correlation and regression analysis methods to forecast the future of dyes market in India. The capabilities of SPSS and predictive analytics software have been leveraged to determine the relevant indicators used for forecasting the growth in this industry.
In the present case, India dyes market revenue has been taken as the dependent variable and other variables such as volume derived from textile industry, plastic packaging and printing inks have been taken as independent variables.
Multi Factor Regression Analysis for Future Forecasting:-
SPSS For Linear Regression: Our team conducted a multi-factor regression analysis on the lag variables i.e. on the historical dyes market revenues for last 6 years by identifying the independent and quantifiable variables directly impacting the market.
Noise Filtering: The forecasting will be done by using SPSS statistical tools. The variables have been checked for multi-collinearity (via Karl Pearson correlation coefficient model) and other bias that could be there in the model.
Sanity Check for Non Linear Relationship: Our team have conducted graphical and other analysis with each of the independent variables considered to check if any non linear relationship exists between the variables.
Global Chemicals Exports Market Overview – Chemical Exports by Major Countries, 2017
Key Takeaways: The chemicals industry exports from China out performed other countries majorly due to high sales generated through the country’s oil-refining and petrochemicals sectors.
The Chinese government is actively encouraging FDI and joint ventures between foreign companies and state-owned enterprises in order to boost domestic manufacturing in the country. Additionally, government is putting efforts to update or bring in new technologies and invest in research and development towards new product innovations.
The growing industrialization and urbanization in China is further anticipated to provide opportunities for the country’s chemicals industry. Furthermore, an expanding middle class population will require higher quality chemical products such as dyes towards numerous end-user applications.
Global Dyes Market Size by Revenue, 2012-2017:-
Overview: The change in the dye industry has been primarily due to the fierce price competition & stricter environmental regulations in American and European countries, lesser production cost in APAC countries along with the globalization of world trade in the early 1990’s.
Market Size: APAC region is the largest producer as well as consumers of dyes due the presence of global manufacturing powerhouses (China and India). It is followed by the American and the European region.
Key Takeaways: Rising environmental issues along with surging pollution levels have resulted in policy changes across the globe.
Global Dyes Market Future Projections on the Basis of Revenue 2017-2022E:-
Global Dye Industry Future Outlook: The global dye industry is expected to grow with a CAGR of ~% from 2018-2022. The market is expected to reach USD ~ billion by 2022. APAC region will continue to lead the global dye market in the future owing to the expected strong growth of the dye industry in China and India. Robust growth in end users industries such as textiles, construction, automotives, printing inks, paper and personal care industry will drive the global demand for dyes.
For more information, refer to the link below:-
Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications