Polyacrylamide has now been widely used product for various applications emerging in the area of agriculture & petroleum. Polyacrylamide is a synthetic type and, potassium based polymer with high-molecular weight and a water-soluble polymer produced by polymerization of an acrylamide. It is a polymer formed by synthesizing acryl amide subunits. Polyacrylamide and its copolymers are made with a higher molecular weight of nearly 10–20 million g/mole can be made out of anionic, nonionic, or cationic in nature. It is widely used in water treatment and papermaking. Moreover the demand of polyacrylamide compound is further registering an impressive increase in demand owing to use of primarily in petroleum and wastewater sector.
The polyacrylamide compounds also play a vital role in the wastewater management. Therefore, the rise in environmental concerns related to water management supporting its usage. The coagulants and flocculants are the organic polymers that help in the solids/liquid separation of suspended particles in solution during the water management. The polyacrylamides are synthesized by the cross-linked form or a single linear chain based structure. The cross-linked based form are the monomer being reduced into the easiest form and enabling the material with the water absorbent based properties. The presence of polyacrylamides also diminishes soil erosions and usage water, further enabling the soil being favorable for the cultivation. The high absorption of water reduces crop damage and further soil also dries up more quickly in case of heavy rainfall.
Thepolyacrylamide polymers also act as catalytic agents in numerous applications such as drag reduction, oil drilling additives, and in the enhanced oil recovery. These polyacrylamides are supports to control the soil erosion and stabilizing soil aggregates and flocculating of the suspended particles. These types of polymers use further supporting in channel irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, and rain-fed agriculture applications.
According to study, “Global Polyarylamide (PARA) Market Status (2015-2019) and Forecast (2020-2024) by Region, Product Type & End-Use” the key companies operating in the global polyacrylamide markets are 3M Company, Arkema Group, BASF SE, Celanese Corporation, Daikin Industries Ltd, Dongyue Group, Evonik Industries AG, Gujarat Fluorochemicals Limited, Honeywell International Inc.
Based on the product they are available into non-ionic, cationic, anionic and other polymers. Owing to high molecular weight, the cationic type of polyacrylamide is being widely used in the wastewater treatment based applications. Based on the applications, market is segmented into textile, chemical, consumer goods and others. The polyacrylamide has an indirect but the significant impact on the crop growth and yield. Moreover the most part of polyacrylamide are resistant towards the microbial attack, and degradation is widely through the physical breakdown
Considerable rise in depletion of oil resources, polymer based flooding technique have now increased owing increase in in the overall production volume of a reservoir. The polyacrylamide polymers are the most suitable to be used to segregate the oil & water in the oil reservoir. Thus, such products also find it to be as a lucrative polyacrylamide market growth in coming years for its use in petroleum sector. However the depletion of the freshwater reservoirs, coupled with the ever rising pollution due to improper addition in the sewage resulted in a larger focus towards use of such polymers.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications