How warehousing market is positioned in poland?
The Poland’s warehouse market has witnessed a face change in the past few years. In 2004, there were ~ million sqm of modern industrial and warehouse space in the country. However, by 2017, this space has increased to ~ million sqm. The growing activities of tenants, developers, and investors are driving the demand of warehouses in the country. Several warehousing companies are transferring their business to a 3PL service provider that provides a wide array of services. The demand of the warehousing comes from logistics firm, distribution, trading and other industry sources.
The warehousing market in Poland grew at a CAGR of ~%from 2012 to 2017, growing from USD ~ billion in 2012 to USD ~ billion in 2017.
The expansion in the e-commerce, retail and FMCG sector has been a major factor for the increase in the retail market growth leading to a positive impact on the Poland warehouse market by the rising demand from this sector.
There was a dramatic change in the logistics sector post the country’s accession to the European Union. In the past few years global logistics companies have started building warehouses in different regions of the country (like Upper Silesia, Poznań and Szczecin) with the intent of catering to the CEE and the Western European region.
The country’s geographical location and low labor wages in comparison to western counterparts has proven to be advantageous for the overall logistics and warehousing sector to prosper in the country.
The e-commerce industry in the country has substantially increased in the past few years. Newer e-commerce companies are entering and expanding into the Polish market. This has further increased the demand for warehousing.
The growth in the market is also driven by increased demand for the outsourcing of warehouse services and the warehouse companies turning into a 3PL companies.
Poland Warehousing Market Segmentation
By Geographical Distribution
Warsaw has the highest share of ~% of the total warehousing area in Poland in 2017 owing to the industrial parks situated in the inner-city area and the suburbs of the Warsaw region. The completion of road project in south-western suburb of Warsaw has increased the attractiveness of those areas significantly.
Silesia accounted for the second highest share of ~% of the total area in the warehousing market in the country after Warsaw. The city is a center for economic activity. Silesia is considered to be the second largest industrial market in the country. The major driver for the growing warehousing sector in the city is the abundant and cheap land, availability of cheap labour, and excellent road infrastructure.
Poznan attributed to third highest share of ~% of the total area in the warehousing market of the country in 2017 owing to the major demand of warehousing in the industrial sector. Poznan is strategically located between Warsaw and Berlin, which makes it potential logistics center in the region.
By Business Model
Industrial/Retail sector is the largest contributor to the warehousing sector in terms of revenues in 2017 with ~% of share. The rise in the industrial sector over the years gave an opportunity to the warehousing market to increase in numbers making a positive impact on the warehousing industry. The rising retail sector with the increased demand has elevated the requirement of warehouses in the country making a positive impact on the warehousing market.
Container freight and inland container deport warehousing has contributed second highest share accounting to ~% in Poland warehousing market in 2017. The significant market share is due to Poland’s connections with European, Asian, and North American countries
The cold storage market contributed least revenue share accounting to ~% in the warehousing market of Poland in 2017 owing to the increase in the demand of perishable goods such as injections, food and others. The cold chain market has witnessed a robust growth in past few years on account of growth in pharmaceutical and FMCG industry.
Cross Comparison Of Various Regions In Poland On The Basis Of Headline Rent, Effective Rent And Vacancy Rate
Headline and Effective Rent: The headline rents for a top class warehouse facility in Poland varies from EUR ~ to EUR ~/sqm/month and the effective rents vary from EUR ~ to EUR ~/sqm/month. On an average a tenant can negotiate around ~% of the headline rent which is dependent on many factors.
Vacancy Rate: The overall vacancy rates in Poland range between ~% in Szczecin to ~% in Western Poland. The vacancy rate difference in Warsaw inner city (~%) and Warsaw suburbs (~%) is due to the significant price difference between the two regions.
Outlook: The growing Polish economy, developing road infrastructure and improving trade balance will continue to drive the Polish logistics and specifically the warehousing market. The tenant demand in the future is expected to remain healthy, driven by the rising E-commerce industry in the country.
Classification Of Major Warehousing Hubs In Poland
Warsaw: The development of warehousing sector in Warsaw region is concentrated on the south western areas as the effective rates in the inner city area of the agglomeration are the highest in the country and have led to high vacancy rates. This has pushed the developers towards the sub-urban region of Warsaw.
Poland Warehousing Market Future Outlook
The warehousing market in Poland is expected to grow with a CAGR of ~% during 2018 to 2022 and reach USD ~ billion by 2022. The expansion of ports and manufacturing companies will support the growth in the warehousing market in coming future. The rising FMCG and retail markets in the country will substantially augment the demand of warehousing space. Beginning of 2018 has indicated further dynamic development of the warehouse and production market in Poland. Growth is supported by growing investor confidence in the domestic economy, development of road and communication infrastructure, significant increase in the e-commerce market and strong demand from investors for objects generating stable income.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications