Fractionating or fractional column is a crucial item used in the refinement of liquefied mixtures to distinct the blend into its components segments or parts. Industrial fractionating columns are generally fabricated as an inclusive segment and then shipped to the plant site for installation. The design or operation of this column depends on the composition of the feed as well as the composition of the desired products. Columns are usually composed by two sectors: an upper rectifying sector and a lower stripping sector. Rectifying sectorrefers that part of the fractionating process in which the concentration of more explosive components is improved in the upper section of the fractionation column. Whereas, stripping sector refers that part of the process in which the more explosive components are stripped from the liquid in the lower section of the fractionation column.
These columns use external reflux (portion of condensed overhead liquid product that returns to the upper part of the fractionating column) to attain better separation of products. These columns are used in petroleum refinery industries to separate out the components of complex crude mixtures, for instance gasoline and diesel. Such industries are the petrochemical production, petroleum processing, natural gas processing, brewing, liquefied air separation, coal tar processing, and hydrocarbon solvents production industries. The key advantages are included lesser lead time & faster delivery and improved safety or quality etc.
According to study, “Global Industrial Fractionating Columns Market Status (2015-2019) and Forecast (2020-2024) by Region, Product Type & End-Use” the key companies operating in the global industrial fractionating columns market are Larsen & Toubro, IDESA, Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Morimatsu group, TOYO Engineering, Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises. Key vendors have been functioning on developing such modular process systems that reduce the engineering & construction period for distillation units.
Based on type, industrial fractionating columns market is segmented into vertical industrial fractioning columns and horizontal industrial fractioning columns. In addition, based on end-user, market is segmented into chemical & metallurgical, oil & gas and others.
The industrial fractionating columns market is driven by growth in oil & gas industries, followed by rapid urbanization and growth in global refinery capacity. However, high cost of material & manufacturing may impact the market. Moreover, rise in adoption of modular column unit design is a key trend for market. The modular process design comprises of design & fabrication of discrete, self-contained units or portable skids that can be easily fitted or stacked at the construction or plant site to form a whole fractionating unit.
Based on geography, the Asian-Pacific region dominates the industrial fractionating columns market owing to increase in demand for refined fuels from the automotive and power generation industries in the region. Whereas, the European and North-American regions are estimated to witness higher growth rate due to growth in shale gas explorations and increase in refining capacity over the forecast period. In near future, it is predicted that the market will be reached at quick speed as a result of growth in demand from various end-use industries during the forecast period.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications