Investment banking is including services provided by the bank or financial institutions by governments, corporations, and institutions providing capital raising and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) advisory services. Investment banks also act as intermediaries between investors and corporations. Investment banks also provide services associated with market-making and securities trading for both equities and fixed income, also known as fixed income, currencies, and commodities (FICC). Investment banking includes trading of securities for cash or promotion of securities. An investment bank also deals with mutual funds, hedge funds, pension funds, and investing public members.
Investment banking activities further includes front office, middle office, and back-office activities: The front office drives revenue generation & includes divisions associated with corporate finance, sales and trading, and research activities. The middle office supports processes related to revenue generation, risk management, and treasury. The back-office activities include roles that exist regardless of revenue generation, compliance, accounting, information technology (IT), and HR support activities.
According to study, “Investment Banking Global Market Report 2019” the key companies operating in the global investment banking market are J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., Barclays Investment Bank, Goldman Sachs Group Inc., BofA Securities Inc., Morgan Stanley, Credit Suisse Group AG, Citi Group Inc., RBC Capital Markets, Deutsche Bank AG, The Blackstone Group Inc., Wells Fargo & Company, Cowen Inc., Jefferies Group LLC.
Based on the type, the investment banking market is segmented into mergers & acquisitions (M&A) advisory service, equity capital markets underwriting, underwriting (debt capital markets), financial sponsor/syndicated loans, and others. M&A advisory is a process of helping corporations and institutions find, assess, and complete acquisitions of businesses. Underwriting is a procedure by which an underwriter brings a new security issue to investing public in an offering. The underwriter guarantees a definite price for a definite number of securities to the company (client) that is issuing the security (in exchange for a fee). In addition, based on application, the market is segmented into the manufacturing industry, technology industry, service industry, and others.
The investment banking market is driven by huge demand and the need for infrastructural investment, followed by growth in economy & robust financial market. However, a rise in government regulations and fluctuating interest rates may impact the market. Moreover, an increase in M&A activities is a key trend for the market. The firms with full-scale investment banking offerings in Europe and some Asian banks have risk associated with equity cost. This is partly because they didn’t have restructured businesses fast enough, however, most bankers anticipate that costs may continue to increase over for some time in near future.
Based on geography, the North-American region holds a major share in the investment banking market owing to the huge capital and investment needs of clients and improvement in the capital market in the region. Whereas, the Asian-Pacific and European regions are estimated to exhibit substantial growth due to strong business investment over the forecast period. In upcoming years, it is projected that the future of the market will be bright on account of an increase in government initiatives coupled with a rise in investment activated during the forecast period.
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