Citral is an aromatic chemical widely used as flavour and in fragrance industry. Citral chemical name is 3, 7-dimethyl-2, 6-octadienal and it possesses characteristics similar to that of constituent of oils in lemon and Litsea cubeba. Citral offers a citrus, fruity, green note chemical. It is a key component in the chemical synthesis of linear monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and diterpenes and a valuable intermediate for the synthesis of odorants, terpinoids and vitamins. Ionone can be manufactured from citral.
Natural crital and synthetic crital are the two types available in European Citral Market. The chemical obtained from natural sources is known as natural citral which is very expensive. Synthetic crital is produced chemically in laboratories from isobutylene, to which formaldehyde is added to form isoprenol. Synthetic citral can also be produced from isoprene. Synthetic citral is also known as Terpenes and Isoprenoids. Terpenes are found in a wide variety of plants, microorganisms and animals which are the major components of resin and produced from turpentine. Therefore, it is said that terpenes are major biosynthetic building blocks present in every living being. Various applications of crital in European markets are in industries such as fragrance, flavour, synthesis of vitamin A and vitamin E, menthol, lemon essence and others. Within the fragrance it is further sub-categorized into cosmetics, detergents, perfumes, personal care products and cleaners. The flavour segment is also sub-categorized into confectionery, beverages and others.
Geographically, Citral Products in Europe market is spread across Germany, Russia, UK, France, Italy and other regions. The leading players in Citral Products in Europe Market are BASF, Kuraray, Kalpsutra Chemicals, Rajkeerth Aromatics and Biotech, Industrial and Fine Chemicals, Zhejiang NHU, Wuxi Lotus Essence, Shanghai Xianjie Chemtech, Guangzhou Ri Hua Flavor and Fragrance, Jiangxi Global Natural Spices and Chengdu Jianzhong Flavors and Fragrances.
BASF is the first to synthesized vitamin A using a Reformatsky reaction between b-ionone 2 and a propargyl bromide. European population are interested in various perfumes and increasing disposable income is demanding for more citral production within the market for manufacturing perfumes. Europe has introduced stringent regulations to control the use of crital in the flavour and fragrance industry. It recommends that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in the products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings. Crital is used in food industry as a synthetic flavouring substance and all the manufacturers need to keep a watch on the purity of crital. The European Chemicals Agency has listed citral under the harmonized classification and labelling (CLP00) because citral can cause skin irritation and other allergic reaction on human the skin.
The increasing scope for research and development for industrial activities, food and essential oils in Europe is driving the crital market. Additionally, Europeans demand for perfume and scents for better appearance is triggering the use of synthetic citral in these industries. However, price constraints and stringent European regulations are likely hamper the growth of the market over the next few years.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications