Cubic boron nitride (CBN) is a man-made novel chemical substance that does not exist in nature. It is manufactured under high pressure and high temperature similar to diamond and has wurzite crystal structure. It is manufactured by direct conversion of hexagonal boron nitride to cubic boron nitride by treating at high pressure and temperature. CBN abrasives possess characteristics such as high strength, hardness, resistance to chemicals, heat, abrasion and ability to maintain the sharp cutting edges during use. Europe’s cubic boron nitride market is expected to witness a significant due to increasing demand as an abrasive in several applications. CBN is insoluble in alloys such as iron and nickel at high temperature which possesses high thermal conductivity, low thermal expansion and high electrical resistance which reflect positive growth and demand. CBN is usually preferred over diamonds owing to properties such as superior thermal, hardness and chemical stability.
According to the study “Europe Cubic Boron Nitride (CBN) Industry Situation and Prospects Research Report”, cubic boron nitride (CBN) in crystals form is the hardest synthetic material which is used in material removal applications for over few decades. CBN is also known as synthetic diamonds and are superior to naturally occurring diamonds in terms of quality and consistency. Cubic boron nitride crystals are used in sawing, grinding, machining, drilling and polishing applications in a wide variety of industries. CBN powder form is used as a raw material for manufacturing bonded abrasives, coated abrasives, polishes, cleaners, abrasive tools, grinding pastes, and other abrasive products.
Cubic boron nitride is used in many industries such as abrasive, resin bond grinding wheels, vitrified wheels, electroplated products, PcBN, and others. The various product types of cubic boron nitride are high grade CBN monocrystalline, medium grade CBN monocrystalline and low grade CBN monocrystalline. Geographically, Cubic boron nitride market in Europe is spread across Germany, Russia, UK, France, Italy and other regions. The leading players in Europe’s Cubic boron nitride market are Element Six, Momentive, ILJIN, Saint-Gobain, Sumitomo Electric Industries, Sandvik Hyperion, Tomei Diamond, FUNIK, Zhengzhou Zhongnan Jete Superabrasives, Famous Diamond, Besco Superabrasives, Berlt Hard Material, Zhengzhou Zhong peng, Henan Huanghe Whirlwind and Yuzhou Hehui Superhard Material Company. All the leading vendors in European CBN industry are increasingly investing in R&D and are focusing on creating strong brand names, offering well-established products, and exhibit long-term reliability.
CBN has many advantageous characteristics such as easy binding with metals due to interlayer nitrides or metal borides formation which anticipates market growth. CBN is used in the manufacture of razor blades and water resistant pipes. Moreover, the diamond like properties of CBN along with low cost production is expected to drive Europe’s CBN market. It was observed that there is a limited availability of CBN raw materials and which is coupled with complex production process that restrains the growth in Europe’s CBN market.
CBN is an extremely hard material that is used as an abrasive, specifically in high-temperature application industries. The cutting and grinding of hardened and carbide steel is a difficult process, therefore, CBN crystal or powder or mesh, in the form of a coated surface over a grinding or polishing wheel, is used to perform finishing processes such as polishing, grinding, and lapping. CBN is recognized in ‘tool and cutter’ grinding applications and mass production grinding operations carried out in various industries such as automotive, general engineering and aerospace. Technical and technological advancements in CBN manufacturing process is expected to further augment CBN market in Europe over the next few years.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications