Wind is converted into wind power and used as a medium of electricity. It depends on the amount of air, speed of air and mass of air. It can create substantial energy to replace the non-renewable fossil fuel energy sources that create pollution and destroy the landscape and atmosphere. The process of wind energy conversion is completed by wind turbines, wind pumps, and windmills. One wind turbine can give power up to 500 homes. Wind turbines have the ability to be located offshore and send energy back to land.
It’s a good source of electricity because it is a renewable source. Wind power generation in the country partly balanced out by solar installations. It is mainly of two types: onshore wind power and offshore wind power. Onshore wind power is a central pillar of Germany’s transition to low-carbon energy generation: it gives insight into the industry’s most important actors, financial support of the technology. Offshore wind power is used for wind farms constructed in bodies of water, usually in the ocean on the continental shelf, to harvest wind energy to generate electricity. Bard Offshore 1 is the country’s largest offshore wind farm with 400 MW capacities.
According to report, “Wind Power in Germany, Market Outlook to 2030, Update 2018 – Capacity, Generation, Investment Trends, Regulations and Company Profiles” some of the major companies that are currently working in the wind power in Germany are Windl and Energieer zeugungs GmbH, Vattenfall AB, RWE AG, Ocean Breeze GmbH & Co. KG, EWE Aktiengesellschaft, ENOVA Energieanlagen GmbH, ENERTRAG Aktiengesellschaft, E.ON SE, Allianz Capital Partners GmbH.
Some advantages of wind power are environmentally friendly, unlimited and cleanest form of energy etc. Some disadvantages of wind power are inconsistency, produce noise pollution an impact on local wildlife, difficult to install & maintain etc.
Recently country’s wind power electricity generation is dropped due to falling wholesale power prices with potentially adverse effects for the industry. Therefore Germany’s Federal Network Agency rated the country’s coastal regions and hinterland as a “grid expansion area” due to the high concentration of wind power in northern states, where new wind power installations will be capped at about 60 % of previous levels in order to make leeway for lagging grid expansion. By this process, turbine efficiency will be increased.
In 2018, installing onshore wind power capacity is only 1,600 MW. In addition, the offshore wind energy will be expanded to reach 6.5 GW by 2020 and 15 GW by 2030. As well as combined wind, solar, biomass and hydroelectric power output hit a record 104 billion kilowatt hours. The country’s federal government capped support to an annual onshore expansion capacity of 2,800 Mw until 2019 and decided to slowly expand this “expansion corridor” over the following years. It is also expected that the cover rate of current electricity consumption with wind energy will be 40% by 2030. The German government’s aim is to bring wind power capacity up to 15,000 MW by 2030. The use of wind power is increasing so quickly that it is estimated that by 2050 wind power will account for 1/3rd of the energy produced on the earth. In the upcoming years, for increasing efficiency and practicality of turbines, the wind turbine design will be changed, from blade to bladeless. These designs may be looping and mixer-ejector wind turbine (MEWT). Loop wing requires a very low wind speed to start- the only 1.6mph. The MEWT design creates a low-pressure area within the turbine to suck in even more wind and generate more energy, making it more efficient than traditional wind turbines.
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Ankur Gupta, Head Marketing & Communications